Best-Performing Cities
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Large Cities 2015

The 2015 Milken Institute Best-Performing Cities Index ranks U.S. metropolitan areas by how well they are creating and sustaining jobs and economic growth. The components include job, wage and salary, and technology growth. In most years, these give a good indication of the underlying structural performance of regional economics.

Metropolitan Area City Code 2015 2014 5-yr job growth*1 1-yr job growth*2 5-yr wages / salaries growth*3 1-yr wages / salaries growth*4 Job growth percent*5 5-yr relative HT GDP growth*6 1-yr relative HT GDP growth*7 High-tech GDP LQ*8 # of HT GDP LQs over 1*9 Population 2013 Overall Index Fall(-) / Climb(+)
Rank Rank Value Rank Value Rank Value Rank Value Rank Value Rank Value Rank Value Rank Value Rank Value Rank
San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA MSAJ 1 4 109.25 7 102.58 7 116.54 2 104.09 4 103.29 2 132.10 4 105.20 14.0 4.41 1 16.0 1 1,952,872 100 3
San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco, CA DMSAF 2 1 110.29 5 102.64 6 121.72 1 103.08 7 102.63 3 149.24 2 109.15 4.0 2.46 7 10.0 12 1,611,050 108 -1
Provo-Orem, UT MPRV 3 3 112.09 3 102.20 11 109.16 10 103.79 5 104.81 1 115.41 15 108.10 6.0 1.66 18 8.0 26 571,460 195 0
Austin-Round Rock, TX MAUS 4 2 112.33 2 102.18 12 112.55 3 101.85 25 101.22 27 123.89 10 104.56 19.0 1.94 9 10.0 12 1,943,299 294 -2
Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX DMDAL 5 9 106.18 11 102.06 14 103.97 30 101.05 48 101.47 17 107.44 34 101.91 47.0 1.43 29 10.0 12 4,604,097 566 4
Raleigh, NC MRAL 6 5 105.61 17 101.61 22 107.82 13 102.11 21 100.48 68 105.93 38 101.30 57.0 1.87 10 13.0 8 1,242,974 617 -1
Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA DMSEA 7 11 103.58 37 101.09 37 107.52 14 102.02 23 101.28 22 112.15 21 100.35 90.0 3.17 2 9.0 19 2,839,550 622 4
Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA MPOT 8 16 103.35 41 101.03 38 103.10 37 101.35 40 101.58 13 108.46 29 102.18 42.0 2.97 5 8.0 26 2,348,247 688 8
Greeley, CO MGRL 9 14 117.29 1 106.74 1 111.27 5 105.92 1 102.43 4 100.43 66 100.96 70.0 0.40 181 2.0 144 277,670 758 5
San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande, CA MSLO 10 24 105.60 18 101.77 17 100.51 66 101.53 33 102.13 7 115.94 13 103.64 26.0 0.79 93 5.0 74 279,083 763 14
Salt Lake City, UT MSAY 11 6 105.04 23 100.51 64 105.96 21 101.09 46 101.38 20 103.22 49 102.21 40.0 1.13 50 10.0 12 1,153,340 780 -5
San Antonio-New Braunfels, TX MSAZ 12 10 105.94 15 101.22 30 109.41 8 101.03 51 101.16 32 105.08 41 100.51 87.0 0.87 82 7.0 37 2,328,652 811 -2
Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia, NC-SC MCHR 13 23 104.99 25 101.58 23 103.13 36 101.46 34 101.85 9 98.66 76 100.68 79.0 0.78 96 7.0 37 2,380,314 847 10
Fort Collins, CO MFOC 14 17 105.20 21 100.89 44 104.48 28 101.62 29 100.67 55 97.72 81 101.64 53.0 1.42 31 8.0 26 324,122 852 3
Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island, FL MNAP 15 60 110.41 4 103.56 3 98.52 103 104.55 2 101.21 29 110.47 25 106.34 12.0 0.51 157 2.0 144 348,777 969 45
Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO MDEN 16 12 105.74 16 101.74 18 103.92 32 100.94 55 100.31 81 95.15 99 100.14 97.0 1.47 27 9.0 19 2,754,258 1009 -4
Charleston-North Charleston, SC MCHS 17 39 106.10 12 101.15 34 105.34 24 100.87 59 100.05 93 116.78 12 103.16 30.0 0.94 72 4.0 89 727,689 1011 22
Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin, TN MNAH 18 15 109.50 6 101.67 20 106.04 20 100.43 87 100.97 40 90.02 125 103.99 24.0 0.64 127 6.0 56 1,792,649 1059 -3
San Diego-Carlsbad, CA MSAN 19 22 102.17 51 100.41 71 101.92 50 100.68 70 101.00 38 101.55 63 101.40 56.0 1.71 14 16.0 1 3,263,431 1084 3
Madison, WI MMAD 20 30 100.71 77 100.01 94 106.19 19 102.89 9 100.42 73 118.29 11 103.57 27.0 1.23 39 5.0 74 633,787 1086 10
Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI MGRA 21 25 108.05 9 100.80 47 103.08 38 101.87 24 102.25 5 94.71 103 99.70 108.0 0.57 142 3.0 114 1,027,703 1114 4
Boulder, CO MBLD 22 13 104.71 26 100.78 48 102.73 41 101.38 39 98.98 156 104.46 46 100.89 73.0 3.16 3 14.0 6 313,333 1169 -9
San Rafael, CA DMSRF 23 0 104.42 30 99.78 107 98.62 101 101.04 49 100.70 51 146.46 3 119.35 1.0 1.41 32 7.0 37 260,750 1170
Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO MFAY 24 49 106.00 14 102.27 9 112.14 4 104.43 3 100.04 95 98.48 77 100.17 95.0 0.48 163 1.0 175 501,653 1188 25
Santa Rosa, CA MSAA 25 121 104.48 29 102.69 5 93.54 178 102.72 12 101.19 30 94.56 104 100.76 78.0 1.06 60 9.0 19 500,292 1202 96
Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX MHOU 26 7 107.92 10 101.50 24 110.84 6 102.05 22 99.39 138 102.47 57 101.01 67.0 0.67 118 2.0 144 6,490,180 1228 -19
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA MATL 27 50 102.84 47 101.73 19 99.28 88 100.48 83 100.70 52 108.31 30 101.10 66.0 1.20 41 5.0 74 5,614,323 1233 23
Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL MORL 28 56 105.06 22 102.24 10 97.84 119 101.25 42 101.89 8 89.39 136 100.58 85.0 0.84 85 4.0 89 2,321,418 1245 28
Vallejo-Fairfield, CA MVAL 29 43 98.16 128 100.09 85 102.14 44 102.77 11 101.66 12 100.34 67 103.69 25.0 1.31 36 3.0 114 431,131 1253 14
Savannah, GA MSAV 30 58 103.45 40 101.36 27 98.64 99 100.46 84 100.63 58 152.93 1 111.48 3.0 1.17 43 2.0 144 372,708 1261 28
Fort Worth-Arlington, TX DMFTW 31 8 105.01 24 100.45 68 104.97 25 101.25 43 100.20 88 105.45 40 100.65 81.0 1.12 54 2.0 144 2,350,233 1273 -23
Santa Maria-Santa Barbara, CA MSAT 32 27 101.53 62 100.22 79 100.85 60 99.60 112 101.31 21 112.33 20 99.80 104.0 1.58 22 14.0 6 440,668 1281 -5
Boise City, ID MBOI 33 81 104.34 31 101.12 35 98.59 102 103.51 6 99.76 109 102.57 56 103.51 28.0 1.39 33 2.0 144 664,422 1292 48
Rockingham County-Strafford County, NH DMRKI 34 72 99.73 93 99.86 104 101.92 51 100.35 95 101.23 26 112.52 19 104.73 18.0 1.14 49 10.0 12 426,225 1306 38
Cambridge-Newton-Framingham, MA DMCAB 35 34 101.09 67 99.70 113 104.52 27 100.04 102 100.57 60 104.67 44 101.20 62.0 2.80 6 15.0 3 2,339,406 1333 -1
Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA MSAX 36 54 101.46 63 100.78 49 100.24 71 102.67 13 98.30 180 113.84 16 107.05 8.0 1.10 56 7.0 37 271,804 1358 18
McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX MMCA 37 35 104.58 28 100.59 56 106.73 18 100.45 86 101.17 31 106.79 36 103.23 29.0 0.30 197 1.0 175 831,073 1367 -2
Worcester, MA-CT MWOR 37 94 100.81 72 99.65 117 100.03 73 101.57 30 100.84 44 98.32 78 100.77 76.0 1.20 40 12.0 9 930,473 1367 57
Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley, CA DMOAK 39 35 102.07 53 100.73 52 99.52 85 100.93 56 99.96 101 102.05 58 99.33 118.0 1.60 21 15.0 3 2,722,260 1397 -4
Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL MCCF 40 88 108.93 8 103.69 2 96.58 140 102.46 16 100.43 72 109.16 28 102.90 33.0 0.39 185 1.0 175 679,513 1402 48
Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach, FL DMFOT 41 92 102.86 46 101.45 26 96.57 141 100.85 60 101.41 19 97.04 85 100.25 91.0 0.80 90 6.0 56 1,869,235 1416 51
Lexington-Fayette, KY MLEX 42 96 103.06 43 100.76 50 99.97 74 100.63 73 100.99 39 93.54 106 99.09 123.0 0.87 83 7.0 37 494,189 1417 54
Baton Rouge, LA MBAT 43 21 100.19 81 100.57 57 103.69 33 102.29 18 100.25 84 101.79 60 103.08 32.0 0.45 171 3.0 114 825,478 1442 -22
North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton, FL MNPT 44 80 105.29 20 103.07 4 94.40 171 102.24 19 100.15 90 106.20 37 103.16 31.0 0.61 135 3.0 114 748,708 1445 36
Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA MDES 45 40 101.90 57 100.52 62 105.72 22 101.41 37 100.37 78 101.77 61 101.14 65.0 0.51 159 2.0 144 611,549 1470 -5
Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine, CA DMANA 46 73 102.05 54 100.54 60 96.50 143 99.57 113 101.44 18 101.54 64 100.19 93.0 1.50 24 15.0 3 3,145,515 1500 27
Merced, CA MMCD 47 71 103.11 42 101.30 29 101.49 52 102.90 8 98.93 161 127.62 6 106.99 9.0 0.34 194 1.0 175 266,353 1513 24
Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson, IN MIND 48 26 102.91 45 100.12 83 102.05 45 100.56 75 100.84 45 80.68 176 98.82 132.0 1.62 20 6.0 56 1,971,274 1516 -22
Ogden-Clearfield, UT MOGD 49 35 102.94 44 100.93 43 99.74 79 100.82 62 101.22 28 82.92 170 101.78 50.0 0.75 102 2.0 144 632,293 1528 -14
West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach, FL DMWES 50 70 104.13 33 102.05 15 98.70 98 101.56 31 99.68 114 95.54 93 101.53 54.0 0.72 107 2.0 144 1,397,710 1531 20
Boston, MA DMBOS 51 44 100.35 80 99.86 103 100.09 72 100.40 92 100.62 59 112.72 18 102.08 44.0 0.95 70 7.0 37 1,966,530 1533 -7
Columbus, OH MCOU 52 41 103.75 35 100.37 74 105.67 23 100.73 66 99.96 100 96.50 87 99.36 115.0 0.77 99 4.0 89 1,994,536 1541 -11
Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin, SC MGRV 52 48 103.70 36 100.46 67 101.02 59 100.98 53 100.42 74 102.78 53 98.25 146.0 0.79 95 3.0 114 862,463 1541 -4
Fresno, CA MFRE 54 113 100.15 83 101.48 25 97.76 121 102.54 15 101.47 16 88.98 141 102.00 46.0 0.43 176 2.0 144 965,974 1605 59
Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills, MI DMWRE 55 78 106.05 13 100.09 84 96.94 135 100.49 79 100.35 80 108.14 32 101.89 48.0 1.00 63 3.0 114 2,531,807 1623 23
Salinas, CA MSAL 56 138 99.11 110 101.35 28 99.15 91 102.13 20 100.89 41 99.30 72 100.94 72.0 0.44 172 2.0 144 431,344 1625 82
Laredo, TX MLAD 57 18 105.52 19 100.23 78 109.87 7 99.37 123 101.67 11 128.57 5 96.48 175.0 0.22 200 0.0 194 266,673 1641 -39
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL MTAM 58 86 102.10 52 100.76 51 98.44 105 100.24 99 100.82 47 88.59 144 99.40 113.0 0.90 78 8.0 26 2,915,582 1670 28
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI MMIN 59 45 101.72 60 99.97 96 100.69 63 100.40 91 99.44 133 107.58 33 101.17 63.0 1.11 55 7.0 37 3,495,176 1678 -14
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA MRIV 60 106 104.28 32 102.36 8 95.19 164 101.74 26 101.07 36 86.10 161 99.02 127.0 0.61 132 2.0 144 4,441,890 1713 46
Tacoma-Lakewood, WA DMTAC 61 103 99.77 91 101.10 36 99.53 82 100.60 74 101.72 10 85.06 166 98.83 131.0 0.66 120 3.0 114 831,928 1745 42
Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ MPHO 62 65 101.54 61 100.41 72 96.75 139 100.51 77 100.51 66 104.60 45 98.77 135.0 1.08 58 6.0 56 4,489,109 1756 3
Olympia-Tumwater, WA MOLY 63 142 99.53 100 101.17 32 98.47 104 102.64 14 101.11 34 89.82 129 100.81 75.0 0.48 164 0.0 194 265,851 1766 79
Bakersfield, CA MBAK 64 28 104.70 27 100.59 55 108.43 12 101.65 28 98.25 181 95.74 91 96.90 167.0 0.48 161 3.0 114 874,589 1780 -36
Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, FL DMMIA 65 85 103.85 34 100.98 41 98.34 109 100.70 68 100.38 76 92.96 110 104.34 22.0 0.51 158 0.0 194 2,662,874 1781 20
Durham-Chapel Hill, NC MDUR 66 47 100.16 82 100.35 76 100.38 67 101.54 32 99.52 126 77.54 183 96.36 177.0 3.03 4 9.0 19 542,710 1795 -19
Springfield, MO MSPM 67 32 99.94 88 100.37 75 99.76 77 99.67 108 99.48 130 124.50 8 108.79 5.0 0.78 98 4.0 89 452,297 1806 -35
Asheville, NC MASH 68 57 100.41 78 99.87 101 97.35 133 100.49 80 101.25 25 101.74 62 98.67 136.0 0.71 109 8.0 26 442,316 1823 -11
Corpus Christi, TX MCOR 69 33 102.31 50 100.52 63 104.70 26 100.48 81 99.25 144 109.36 27 101.70 52.0 0.38 186 1.0 175 448,108 1825 -36
Wilmington, NC MWIM 70 104 98.76 116 101.00 39 96.06 150 101.09 47 99.65 117 98.87 74 102.20 41.0 1.14 47 4.0 89 272,548 1858 34
Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN MLOU 71 61 101.80 58 100.40 73 101.20 57 99.73 106 100.03 96 102.80 52 99.75 106.0 0.52 154 3.0 114 1,269,702 1884 -10
Salem, OR MSAE 72 117 97.25 148 101.63 21 96.39 144 102.35 17 100.52 63 89.48 134 98.89 129.0 0.82 87 5.0 74 404,026 1891 45
Lubbock, TX MLUB 73 20 100.79 74 99.75 110 107.32 15 101.40 38 99.92 107 89.96 127 94.23 192.0 0.76 101 3.0 114 305,644 1909 -53
Oklahoma City, OK MOKL 74 46 102.65 48 99.72 111 108.69 11 101.04 50 99.71 112 81.93 172 102.70 37.0 0.42 178 1.0 175 1,336,767 1916 -28
Ann Arbor, MI MANN 75 59 102.00 56 99.31 135 100.65 65 100.43 89 98.97 157 104.82 42 99.48 112.0 1.13 51 8.0 26 356,874 1930 -16
Lake County-Kenosha County, IL-WI DMLEC 76 52 98.82 115 99.31 134 101.96 49 100.41 90 98.94 160 102.91 51 102.71 36.0 1.68 17 7.0 37 873,254 1933 -24
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA DMLOS 77 42 101.02 68 100.47 66 97.38 132 99.40 122 99.67 116 100.19 68 98.61 139.0 1.73 13 11.0 10 10,116,705 1934 -35
Lincoln, NE MLIN 78 31 100.90 70 99.67 115 102.78 40 100.27 97 99.59 120 105.53 39 97.70 155.0 0.88 80 4.0 89 318,945 1948 -47
Visalia-Porterville, CA MVIS 79 134 99.24 106 99.40 127 98.23 111 102.80 10 100.38 75 112.84 17 106.76 10.0 0.35 193 1.0 175 458,198 1958 55
Port St. Lucie, FL MPSL 80 178 101.75 59 102.11 13 91.58 191 99.26 133 100.52 64 96.56 86 105.00 15.0 0.56 148 4.0 89 444,420 1966 98
Spokane-Spokane Valley, WA MSPO 81 138 96.92 162 99.95 98 99.31 87 100.66 72 101.53 14 95.20 98 99.39 114.0 0.79 92 4.0 89 540,953 1967 57
Jacksonville, FL MJAC 82 64 100.80 73 100.55 59 97.64 126 99.81 104 100.73 49 90.58 120 100.12 98.0 0.72 108 3.0 114 1,419,127 1972 -18
Kennewick-Richland, WA MKNE 83 75 101.29 65 100.50 65 106.97 16 98.57 160 99.86 108 78.50 180 99.88 102.0 1.16 44 3.0 114 274,295 1981 -8
Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade, CA MSAC 84 89 99.09 112 100.83 46 97.74 122 100.83 61 100.51 67 88.15 147 96.15 182.0 0.97 66 5.0 74 2,244,397 2008 5
Modesto, CA MMOD 85 131 101.37 64 100.87 45 97.74 123 101.19 44 99.44 134 97.64 82 112.55 2.0 0.37 189 0.0 194 531,997 2011 46
Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV MLAS 86 144 100.76 75 101.95 16 86.47 199 100.69 69 100.83 46 95.12 100 102.24 39.0 0.43 175 1.0 175 2,069,681 2030 58
Trenton, NJ MTRE 87 51 99.23 107 99.78 108 102.16 43 100.38 94 100.05 94 89.22 138 95.38 186.0 1.34 35 6.0 56 371,537 2042 -36
Springfield, MA MSPI 87 109 99.94 89 99.59 120 99.71 81 100.92 57 99.94 104 95.50 95 101.22 59.0 0.61 137 3.0 114 629,100 2042 22
Stockton-Lodi, CA MSTO 89 155 99.72 94 101.16 33 93.81 176 101.09 45 100.51 65 92.01 113 105.74 13.0 0.39 182 1.0 175 715,597 2045 66
New York-Jersey City-White Plains, NY-NJ DMNEY 90 62 102.03 55 100.43 69 96.17 148 99.32 127 99.33 141 106.80 35 102.79 34.0 0.90 76 4.0 89 14,327,098 2053 -28
Gainesville, FL MGAI 91 182 97.42 145 100.06 86 97.91 118 100.08 101 101.12 33 93.21 108 102.48 38.0 0.59 138 5.0 74 273,377 2069 91
Spartanburg, SC MSPA 92 63 102.47 49 100.05 87 97.66 125 101.70 27 100.76 48 75.12 188 96.64 173.0 0.39 183 3.0 114 321,418 2078 -29
Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD MBAL 93 38 99.68 97 99.02 155 102.69 42 98.75 158 100.88 42 93.27 107 98.35 143.0 1.14 48 6.0 56 2,785,874 2097 -55
Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN MCIN 94 68 99.31 104 99.86 105 99.53 83 98.99 150 100.46 69 102.72 54 101.25 58.0 0.76 100 3.0 114 2,149,449 2106 -26
Providence-Warwick, RI-MA MPRO 95 126 98.27 125 99.41 125 99.25 89 100.51 76 99.45 132 103.59 47 100.19 94.0 0.89 79 7.0 37 1,609,367 2111 31
Brownsville-Harlingen, TX MBRW 96 82 103.50 39 99.89 99 103.65 34 99.20 134 100.35 79 68.11 196 104.82 16.0 0.32 196 1.0 175 420,392 2114 -14
Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY MALA 97 102 97.11 155 99.13 147 101.36 54 100.97 54 98.38 176 102.64 55 100.95 71.0 1.13 52 7.0 37 880,167 2167 5
Colorado Springs, CO MCOO 98 90 99.70 95 99.96 97 101.99 47 98.89 152 98.99 155 89.90 128 98.29 145.0 1.68 15 10.0 12 686,908 2175 -8
Reno, NV MREN 99 167 97.83 137 101.17 31 87.27 198 100.79 64 101.28 23 90.69 119 99.76 105.0 0.54 152 3.0 114 443,990 2181 68
Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA MOXN 100 95 100.00 87 99.98 95 98.64 100 99.48 120 98.85 164 93.10 109 99.25 120.0 1.84 11 8.0 26 846,178 2184 -5
Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL MLAE 101 184 97.15 151 100.18 80 95.10 166 101.26 41 102.16 6 89.80 130 106.59 11.0 0.33 195 1.0 175 634,638 2186 83
Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ MALL 102 93 99.73 92 99.31 133 100.26 70 99.64 111 99.21 146 95.34 97 102.11 43.0 0.93 73 4.0 89 829,835 2197 -9
Kansas City, MO-KS MKAN 103 77 98.73 117 100.02 93 98.72 97 99.54 115 99.29 143 89.99 126 100.49 88.0 1.18 42 7.0 37 2,071,133 2223 -26
Green Bay, WI MGRB 104 130 98.67 121 99.28 139 100.36 68 100.26 98 101.04 37 90.84 117 100.83 74.0 0.43 174 2.0 144 314,531 2242 26
Waco, TX MWAC 105 0 96.26 173 99.22 141 103.63 35 99.53 117 98.95 159 115.88 14 99.97 100.0 1.14 46 8.0 26 260,430 2244
Eugene, OR MEUG 106 147 97.93 133 100.53 61 93.03 184 100.46 85 99.70 113 94.76 102 101.71 51.0 1.04 61 5.0 74 358,337 2250 41
Columbia, SC MCOS 107 132 101.16 66 100.57 58 98.41 107 100.43 88 99.58 121 88.57 146 100.59 82.0 0.46 170 1.0 175 800,495 2270 25
Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach, SC-NC MMYB 108 124 100.76 76 100.68 54 94.92 167 100.82 63 100.72 50 94.88 101 97.90 152.0 0.35 192 0.0 194 417,668 2280 16
Manchester-Nashua, NH MMNC 109 128 97.00 159 99.76 109 96.50 142 99.29 131 99.21 145 104.70 43 104.53 20.0 1.68 16 8.0 26 405,184 2308 19
Duluth, MN-WI MDUL 110 114 98.19 127 98.70 173 100.29 69 101.44 35 99.37 140 103.32 48 102.75 35.0 0.48 162 2.0 144 280,218 2308 4
Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX MBEA 111 123 96.05 177 100.98 42 98.35 108 95.76 197 101.53 15 109.69 26 104.40 21.0 0.41 179 1.0 175 405,427 2311 12
Knoxville, TN MKNO 112 112 99.64 98 100.05 89 99.75 78 99.02 147 100.55 62 71.74 192 96.85 169.0 0.82 89 4.0 89 857,585 2323 0
Pittsburgh, PA MPIT 113 79 97.76 138 98.40 189 104.44 29 99.31 129 100.09 92 96.50 88 97.85 154.0 0.96 67 7.0 37 2,355,968 2344 -34
Ocala, FL MOCA 114 190 97.41 147 100.99 40 89.27 197 100.50 78 100.64 56 86.05 162 100.23 92.0 0.57 146 4.0 89 339,167 2383 76
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV DMWAS 115 84 99.26 105 98.70 172 102.87 39 98.27 168 100.02 97 89.01 140 97.62 157.0 1.46 28 6.0 56 4,759,615 2411 -31
Kalamazoo-Portage, MI MKAL 116 143 95.46 181 100.03 91 96.89 137 101.02 52 100.37 77 79.08 179 99.02 126.0 0.92 74 4.0 89 334,017 2413 27
Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA MHAI 117 111 95.66 179 99.03 154 101.33 55 100.48 82 100.55 61 88.59 145 95.59 185.0 0.75 104 6.0 56 560,849 2425 -6
Wilmington, DE-MD-NJ DMWIL 118 98 98.71 118 99.87 102 98.43 106 99.54 116 99.00 154 99.54 71 99.04 125.0 0.91 75 4.0 89 719,876 2425 -20
Urban Honolulu, HI MHON 119 99 99.69 96 99.13 148 100.66 64 99.69 107 100.68 54 89.46 135 97.68 156.0 0.46 168 1.0 175 991,788 2456 -20
Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA MOMA 120 87 99.35 102 99.62 118 100.71 62 100.75 65 99.06 151 86.94 156 96.48 174.0 0.61 134 3.0 114 904,421 2459 -33
El Paso, TX MELP 121 53 100.87 71 99.49 123 109.23 9 98.30 167 98.72 166 100.18 69 93.30 194.0 0.61 133 3.0 114 836,698 2472 -68
Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, IL DMCHI 122 97 99.20 109 99.54 122 96.32 145 99.30 130 99.17 149 97.17 83 101.20 61.0 0.82 86 6.0 56 7,343,641 2494 -25
Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC MAUG 123 120 99.21 108 100.17 81 98.20 112 97.13 190 99.51 129 101.87 59 99.85 103.0 0.62 131 5.0 74 583,632 2511 -3
Jackson, MS MJAM 124 116 97.88 135 99.40 126 100.71 61 100.33 96 99.54 125 91.51 116 100.15 96.0 0.47 167 2.0 144 577,564 2514 -8
Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, FL MPEN 125 165 100.09 85 100.28 77 97.43 131 98.80 156 101.09 35 81.68 173 94.88 188.0 0.58 139 2.0 144 474,081 2519 40
Philadelphia, PA DMPHI 126 110 97.98 132 99.58 121 102.01 46 99.42 121 98.39 175 91.69 114 100.53 86.0 0.79 94 2.0 144 2,123,257 2544 -16
Canton-Massillon, OH MCAN 127 150 101.01 69 99.15 146 99.93 75 100.90 58 97.88 187 92.40 111 100.58 84.0 0.25 198 1.0 175 403,923 2559 23
Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR MLIT 128 100 96.50 169 98.50 184 99.89 76 98.11 172 100.45 71 110.86 24 96.28 180.0 1.43 30 5.0 74 729,135 2581 -28
Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville, MD DMSIL 129 107 97.19 150 98.85 164 99.53 84 96.82 193 100.20 89 87.60 151 99.95 101.0 1.50 25 8.0 26 1,274,122 2598 -22
Columbus, GA-AL MCOL 130 122 98.03 130 98.83 170 101.99 48 98.09 173 99.51 128 96.12 89 99.48 111.0 0.70 110 6.0 56 314,005 2600 -8
Clarksville, TN-KY MCLA 131 101 103.50 38 100.05 88 98.89 95 95.92 196 101.27 24 66.97 197 92.66 195.0 0.23 199 0.0 194 278,353 2605 -30
Anchorage, AK MANC 132 74 100.04 86 98.56 183 106.95 17 99.34 124 97.99 183 94.19 105 99.28 119.0 0.69 114 2.0 144 398,892 2606 -58
Winston-Salem, NC MWIS 133 159 97.14 152 99.37 128 97.04 134 99.08 141 99.99 98 88.83 143 104.78 17.0 0.57 147 6.0 56 655,015 2608 26
Newark, NJ-PA DMNEA 134 158 95.57 180 99.34 131 98.20 113 101.42 36 98.61 169 80.33 177 97.09 163.0 1.31 37 7.0 37 2,508,124 2613 24
Lafayette, LA MLAA 135 19 99.43 101 98.75 171 103.93 31 100.39 93 96.69 198 95.48 96 100.76 77.0 0.42 177 2.0 144 484,974 2628 -116
Rochester, NY MROH 136 141 97.48 144 98.69 175 98.00 116 99.33 126 99.52 127 89.77 132 99.75 107.0 1.12 53 9.0 19 1,083,393 2636 5
Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL MDEL 137 171 98.39 124 100.42 70 93.10 183 99.19 136 100.22 86 86.44 160 98.20 148.0 0.63 128 6.0 56 609,939 2641 34
Tulsa, OK MTUL 138 69 98.68 120 99.83 106 101.30 56 99.67 109 98.37 177 87.44 152 98.57 142.0 0.54 151 3.0 114 969,224 2648 -69
Greensboro-High Point, NC MGRN 139 115 96.53 168 98.96 160 95.66 160 99.78 105 100.63 57 97.96 80 95.82 184.0 0.90 77 6.0 56 746,593 2652 -24
Huntsville, AL MHUN 140 66 97.42 146 98.97 159 101.37 53 98.90 151 98.22 182 89.73 133 98.06 151.0 2.30 8 8.0 26 441,086 2656 -74
Nassau County-Suffolk County, NY DMNAS 141 76 99.32 103 99.06 152 98.94 94 99.09 140 99.56 123 86.79 158 94.57 190.0 1.09 57 5.0 74 2,861,595 2661 -65
Cedar Rapids, IA MCED 142 105 96.80 164 98.49 186 101.06 58 99.51 119 97.78 190 103.06 50 98.99 128.0 0.88 81 7.0 37 263,885 2703 -37
Elgin, IL DMELG 143 0 98.88 114 99.04 153 94.48 170 100.67 71 99.47 131 90.49 121 99.14 122.0 0.65 122 4.0 89 632,768 2706
Reading, PA MREA 144 176 98.70 119 99.88 100 97.46 129 98.33 165 99.74 110 88.85 142 99.70 109.0 0.65 124 3.0 114 413,691 2711 32
Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL MPAL 145 195 94.79 186 100.04 90 91.20 193 97.90 179 100.87 43 78.17 182 97.02 165.0 1.74 12 11.0 10 556,885 2736 50
New Orleans-Metairie, LA MNEO 146 67 99.86 90 99.70 114 99.51 86 99.18 137 97.52 191 108.19 31 96.45 176.0 0.47 166 2.0 144 1,251,849 2739 -79
Richmond, VA MRIC 147 108 100.13 84 99.67 116 97.70 124 99.51 118 98.35 179 84.05 169 98.09 149.0 0.65 123 4.0 89 1,260,029 2769 -39
Salisbury, MD-DE MSAS 148 0 96.93 160 99.47 124 95.79 159 100.22 100 100.21 87 88.08 149 96.78 170.0 0.64 126 5.0 74 389,922 2780
New Haven-Milford, CT MNEH 149 148 97.54 141 99.31 137 96.21 147 99.13 139 99.59 119 86.84 157 98.78 133.0 1.00 62 5.0 74 861,277 2800 -1
Portland-South Portland, ME MPOR 150 125 96.62 166 98.59 181 97.44 130 99.65 110 99.97 99 90.82 118 99.35 116.0 0.68 116 5.0 74 523,552 2806 -25
Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County, PA DMMBC 151 0 97.04 158 99.24 140 98.07 115 99.00 149 98.92 162 80.95 174 97.89 153.0 1.66 19 10.0 12 1,956,326 2822
Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT MHAR 152 161 97.13 153 99.01 156 98.07 114 99.01 148 99.68 115 89.24 137 98.58 141.0 0.95 69 4.0 89 1,214,295 2825 9
Lancaster, PA MLAC 153 168 98.65 122 100.15 82 95.81 158 99.31 128 99.95 103 85.10 164 98.66 137.0 0.55 150 1.0 175 533,320 2831 15
Chattanooga, TN-GA MCHT 154 136 99.04 113 98.58 182 99.07 92 98.55 161 100.28 82 75.23 187 101.47 55.0 0.46 169 2.0 144 544,559 2836 -18
Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia, MI DMDET 155 193 98.00 131 99.08 149 92.13 189 98.30 166 100.11 91 98.16 79 101.00 68.0 0.70 111 3.0 114 1,764,804 2850 38
Flint, MI MFLI 156 164 98.04 129 98.83 168 91.66 190 99.33 125 99.39 139 111.30 23 101.22 60.0 0.78 97 2.0 144 412,895 2853 8
Fort Wayne, IN MFOW 157 140 99.11 111 99.35 130 96.04 151 98.02 174 100.25 85 76.70 184 92.17 197.0 0.75 103 6.0 56 427,183 2878 -17
Tallahassee, FL MTAL 158 194 94.78 187 100.70 53 91.53 192 98.40 162 99.41 135 87.14 154 107.93 7.0 0.70 112 3.0 114 375,751 2883 36
Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls, NY MBUF 159 156 97.25 149 98.92 163 99.72 80 99.19 135 99.40 136 80.12 178 98.34 144.0 0.79 91 3.0 114 1,136,360 2895 -3
Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton, PA MSWB 160 189 95.94 178 99.20 143 97.97 117 99.07 142 100.46 70 74.88 190 96.66 171.0 0.69 115 4.0 89 559,679 2914 29
Lansing-East Lansing, MI MLAN 161 135 98.55 123 99.22 142 95.88 156 100.71 67 98.86 163 100.10 70 97.61 158.0 0.50 160 1.0 175 470,458 2914 -26
Toledo, OH MTOL 162 151 99.60 99 99.16 145 95.44 162 98.83 154 99.93 106 98.75 75 100.06 99.0 0.44 173 0.0 194 607,456 2927 -11
Evansville, IN-KY MEVA 163 169 98.23 126 99.71 112 95.27 163 97.91 178 100.69 53 65.45 199 86.44 200.0 0.94 71 2.0 144 315,162 2934 6
Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI MMIL 164 137 97.63 140 99.35 129 96.14 149 99.14 138 98.51 174 91.64 115 98.86 130.0 0.72 106 4.0 89 1,572,245 2969 -27
Cleveland-Elyria, OH MCLE 165 133 97.85 136 98.85 166 99.02 93 99.06 143 99.32 142 89.79 131 94.84 189.0 0.61 136 4.0 89 2,063,598 2977 -32
Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT MBRP 166 153 97.54 142 98.83 169 93.16 179 97.47 185 99.93 105 84.32 168 99.06 124.0 1.26 38 9.0 19 945,438 2983 -13
Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC MHIC 167 170 95.41 182 99.07 151 90.40 196 99.26 132 98.66 168 123.98 9 98.78 134.0 0.74 105 7.0 37 362,896 3036 3
Akron, OH MAKR 168 152 97.76 139 99.61 119 95.97 154 98.36 164 98.67 167 95.64 92 100.59 83.0 0.57 143 2.0 144 703,825 3044 -16
Camden, NJ DMCAM 169 191 93.72 194 98.47 187 93.88 175 99.54 114 99.16 150 89.05 139 102.05 45.0 0.84 84 6.0 56 1,251,711 3069 22
St. Louis, MO-IL MSTL 170 127 96.10 175 98.95 161 93.61 177 99.04 145 99.02 153 90.18 123 99.34 117.0 0.99 64 6.0 56 2,806,207 3097 -43
South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI MSOU 171 166 96.17 174 100.03 92 91.16 194 97.38 186 99.74 111 85.06 165 99.55 110.0 0.62 130 5.0 74 319,226 3114 -5
Killeen-Temple, TX MKIL 172 91 100.39 79 99.30 138 94.53 169 96.45 195 100.26 83 76.23 185 87.05 199.0 0.57 141 2.0 144 424,858 3120 -81
Montgomery, AL MMON 173 185 94.16 190 98.62 178 92.73 187 98.21 169 99.56 122 97.15 84 101.87 49.0 0.82 88 4.0 89 373,141 3128 12
Dayton, OH MDAY 174 186 96.81 163 99.33 132 94.66 168 97.62 184 99.19 148 87.87 150 97.50 159.0 0.96 68 7.0 37 800,836 3131 12
Tucson, AZ MTUC 175 161 95.36 183 98.66 176 93.13 181 99.06 144 98.83 165 95.51 94 96.66 172.0 1.06 59 9.0 19 1,004,516 3191 -14
Rockford, IL MROC 176 180 97.93 134 99.31 136 92.60 188 98.40 163 98.97 158 100.55 65 95.05 187.0 0.52 155 3.0 114 342,411 3248 4
York-Hanover, PA MYOR 177 187 96.71 165 98.64 177 96.89 136 98.88 153 98.54 172 86.70 159 98.23 147.0 0.67 119 6.0 56 440,755 3261 10
Syracuse, NY MSYR 178 163 95.25 184 98.33 190 96.82 138 98.21 170 97.96 184 90.10 124 98.65 138.0 0.98 65 7.0 37 661,478 3275 -15
Mobile, AL MMOB 179 174 94.34 188 99.07 150 96.30 146 98.01 175 97.49 193 125.83 7 97.09 164.0 0.70 113 3.0 114 415,123 3284 -5
Albuquerque, NM MALB 180 179 93.83 192 98.85 165 92.93 186 97.87 181 99.39 137 88.10 148 96.36 178.0 1.50 26 7.0 37 904,587 3298 -1
Birmingham-Hoover, AL MBIR 181 148 96.59 167 98.93 162 95.63 161 98.80 155 99.96 102 85.59 163 96.33 179.0 0.58 140 2.0 144 1,143,772 3313 -33
Memphis, TN-MS-AR MMEM 182 145 96.32 170 99.19 144 96.01 153 97.86 182 97.91 186 90.46 122 100.99 69.0 0.56 149 3.0 114 1,343,230 3319 -37
Wichita, KS MWIC 183 154 93.60 195 98.99 158 93.14 180 99.02 146 97.52 192 73.27 191 97.47 160.0 1.52 23 7.0 37 641,076 3364 -29
Dutchess County-Putnam County, NY DMDUT 184 0 94.24 189 98.69 174 94.19 173 98.20 171 97.33 195 92.20 112 99.24 121.0 1.16 45 4.0 89 396,066 3392
Gary, IN DMGAR 185 119 97.08 156 98.08 194 98.24 110 97.24 187 99.64 118 76.17 186 97.31 162.0 0.37 188 3.0 114 704,935 3406 -66
Erie, PA MERI 186 181 96.31 171 98.49 185 97.82 120 97.88 180 99.05 152 84.43 167 95.83 183.0 0.62 129 4.0 89 278,443 3413 -5
Roanoke, VA MROA 187 173 97.06 157 99.01 157 95.13 165 98.77 157 98.36 178 86.94 155 93.59 193.0 0.64 125 4.0 89 313,388 3422 -14
Norwich-New London, CT MNOW 188 172 97.51 143 98.62 179 90.59 195 96.82 192 98.53 173 65.48 198 96.88 168.0 1.37 34 6.0 56 273,676 3469 -16
Fort Smith, AR-OK MFOR 189 197 93.91 191 98.84 167 93.95 174 97.23 188 97.47 194 111.67 22 100.67 80.0 0.40 180 3.0 114 279,592 3475 8
Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol, TN-VA MKIN 190 177 96.92 161 98.60 180 94.35 172 95.57 198 99.20 147 71.15 193 100.41 89.0 0.57 144 3.0 114 308,079 3525 -13
Utica-Rome, NY MUTI 191 196 92.36 198 98.03 196 96.03 152 98.74 159 98.60 170 70.54 194 98.08 150.0 0.68 117 5.0 74 296,615 3570 5
Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL MDAV 192 175 96.29 172 98.15 192 99.18 90 97.98 176 95.86 200 87.31 153 96.90 166.0 0.48 165 2.0 144 383,030 3575 -17
Fayetteville, NC MFAE 193 129 93.05 197 97.38 199 98.82 96 96.61 194 97.91 185 99.24 73 87.93 198.0 0.57 145 2.0 144 377,939 3597 -64
Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC MVIR 194 160 96.05 176 98.28 191 95.94 155 97.94 177 98.57 171 80.91 175 96.21 181.0 0.66 121 4.0 89 1,716,624 3603 -34
Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA MYOU 195 199 97.11 154 98.12 193 93.12 182 97.15 189 99.55 124 74.92 189 98.58 140.0 0.36 191 2.0 144 553,263 3669 4
Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula, MS MGUL 196 198 93.26 196 98.03 195 92.96 185 99.85 103 97.85 188 78.28 181 94.27 191.0 0.52 153 2.0 144 386,144 3755 2
Peoria, IL MPEO 197 157 94.95 185 97.49 198 97.53 128 91.20 200 97.22 196 96.11 90 92.49 196.0 0.51 156 1.0 175 380,040 3798 -40
Atlantic City-Hammonton, NJ MATA 198 200 90.54 200 96.13 200 85.91 200 96.88 191 96.30 199 82.35 171 104.22 23.0 0.39 184 3.0 114 275,209 3863 2
Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH MHUT 199 188 93.72 193 98.46 188 97.59 127 97.81 183 97.81 189 70.22 195 97.34 161.0 0.37 190 1.0 175 363,325 3877 -11
Shreveport-Bossier City, LA MSHR 200 183 92.15 199 97.97 197 95.81 157 95.15 199 96.98 197 60.14 200 101.16 64.0 0.38 187 2.0 144 445,142 3895 -17
MSA = metropolitan statistical area
MD = metropolitan division
Footnotes  *1 | *2 | *3 | *4 | *5 | *6 | *7 | *8 | *9